EBOOK DOWNLOAD [The Ottoman Empire] AUTHOR Kenneth W. Harl

The Ottoman Empire is a series of 36 lectures covering the full scope of the empire given by renowned scholar and historian Kenneth Harl Harl aptly covers a 700 year period including the Empire s beginning apex decline and its context within the modern middle East and wider Islamic world The Ottoman legacy is both troubled and rich as the Empire bridges the gap between the medieval and modern East and West Harl details the Empire s Islamic foundations that ultimately crumbled with the onset of modernity but also the struggle that continues today between the secular and the sacred in the modern Turkish republicOttoman history begins with the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire and its erosion of control over the steppes of Anatolia heart of modern Turkey today Turkish influence started in the 11th century and reached critical mass in the 14th century in Anatolia After a few brushes with the Mongols Osman and his descendants began to unite the Turkish horse tribes around himself Sufism took hold in the area and resulted in many Orthodox conversions of the population something you don t normally see with strident versions of Sunni and Shia Islam It is to this 14th century period when we see the whirling dervishes of Sufism slowly woo the population to a deeper emotional connection to their Islamic faith Turkish tribes started to coalesce around Osman and his followers where we get the word Ottomanand began to expand outward to the Balkans and Caucuses modern day Greece Bulgaria to the west and Ira to the east The Empire came into own in the 15th century with the conuest of Constantinople modern Istanbul Mehmed the Conueror achieved what no empire had done in 1000 years and breached the walls and permanently took over the ancient Roman city the crusaders sacked it previously by trickery but were eventually overthrown The Empire reached its zenith with the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th century it spanned almost to Vienna in Europe in the west to the Persian Gulf in the East and all the way to Libya in the South The genius of the Ottomans were that they were able to use Byzantine infrastructure as a base for operations while also establishing a multi layered stable government based on Sharia Law The leader of the Empire was called both sultan and caliph uniting the state and the Islamic faith to his banner Ottoman administrators and lawyers were very well educated and trained at the madrasa and communication of ideas was very easy and effective since the Empire controlled so much area The empire was able to uell internal fractionalism by forming three different legal systems one for Muslims one for Jews and one for Christians This resulted in a relatively stable Ottoman population that was diverse segregated and relatively violence free for 300 400 years Jews and Christians were permitted to keep their communities called millets but they had to be hidden and not interfere with Muslim affairs The Empire began to stagnate in the late 17th and early 18th century as the Ottoman advance was halted at Vienna and it began to lag technologically The Empire lacked an industrial revolution that Europe had gone through resulting in lower levels of production and innovation vs its European counterparts The Russian Empire s emergence in the early 18th century threatened internal stability as it looked to be the rightful leaders of the Ottoman Orthodox Christian population This tension resulted in dozens of wars over several centuries that never ended until its collapse after World War I The watershed event that triggered its decline was the invasion of Napolean in the early 19th century With Napolean s fleet destroyed by the British Napolean faced impossible odds yet still engineered a complete takeover of Cairo and Egypt while also successfuly uashing every rebellion they were able to muster This event made the Ottomans start to take stock in their lack of technology and lack of innovative approaches to governing This would ultimately result in several unsuccessful attempts at reform throughout the 19th centuryThe Ottoman Empire finally dissolved in 1922 after a series of unsuccessful campaigns in World War I Mustafa Kamal was the one bright spot as he led the Turkish defense of Gallipoli and successfully beat back the Greeks who were empowered by the allies to take parts of Turkey for their own The death of the Empire was driven by the sultan signing the treaty of Sevres which allowed the occupation of Constaninople and the partioning of Turkey and the middle East to allied interests Kamal rallied the people to his cause and established a national Turk identity that refused the demands of the treaty and forced renegotiation based on his defense of Anatolia and Constantinople He is known as Attaturk the father of Turkey One sad event that i was especially interested in was the Armenian genocide Unfortunately the ethnic tensions peaked in WWI as the Ottoman Christian Balkan client states revolted genocide Unfortunately the ETHNIC TENSIONS PEAKED IN WWI AS tensions peaked in WWI as Ottoman Christian Balkan client states revolted on by the lack of stability and control of the Ottomans Millions of displaced Islamic immigrants were thrown out of the Balkans and were forced back into Anatolia proper The Ottoman government called for the resettlement of the Armenian populations to make way for the displaced Muslim populations in the Balkans The official order never called for mass murder of the ethnic population but it uickly turned into that as Russia pushed its offensive deeper into Turkey during its 1915 to 1916 campaigns The Armenians were thought loyal to Russia so the Ottomans conveniently found a way to eliminate the threat It is a sad end to the Ottoman legacy which had before enabled Christian and Jewish populations to flourish Overall I found Dr Harl an engaging speaker and able to digest complex topics into easy to understand. 18 hours 44 minsBy understanding the dramatic story of the Ottoman Empire from its early years as a collection of raiders and conuerors to its undeniable power in the 15th and 16th centuries to its catastrophic collapse in the wreckage of the First World War one can better grasp the current complexities of the Middle East Over the course of these 36 enlightening lectures investigate over 600 years of history that covers the nature of Ottoman identi. ,
Concepts I would recommend these lectures to anyone wanting to discover the rich and troubling history of Asia Minor and modern Turkey I wish this was a bit balanced when it comes to the border region between the Ottoman Empire and Central Europe and the conflicts within Islam This lecture series has good information but it improperly represents the experience of peoples outside of the core of the Ottoman Empire or the minorities throughout the region This is not to say that Byzantium would have ruled the Balkans with less conflict or exploitation And it can easily be assumed that the interactions with the Persian empire would have been barbarous but treating the Balkans simply as Western European pawns who became entranced by French ideas of nationalism is disingenuous It raises important challenges to the western classical narrative of history It also has good coverage of The Young Turks and the Committee of Union and Progress Though I greatly appreciate the attempt to remain objective and critical I think it crudely covers the Armenian genocide in apologist fashion If not for the wealth of texts on Ottoman history I would give this a higher rating but I can t recommend the lectures I love this lecturer so I m biased right off the bat but I love how he presents his material It s always interesting and you can tell he loves the subject matter I already knew a moderate amount about the Ottoman Empire but this lecture series was still fascinating to me There were so many details I didn t know and he really does a great ob of talking about cause and effect trends and keeping you in the mindset of the time I don t know why we don t teach of this in school this empire lasted forever and made a huge impact on the world If you want something different this is a great series to listen to The course was perfect for what I needed I knew plenty about the Middle East post 1914 and a decent amount prior to 1258 or so but I wanted to get an overview of what happened in the interim Obviously this course covers far than that with a specific focus on Asia Minor since it s the center of the Empire and Harl s specific area of studyProfessor Kenneth Harl is my favorite lecturer with The Great Courses and I ve enjoyed each of his other courses He s always very passionate and his wit is always appreciated Harl s breadth of knowledge is very impressive he s a Classicist by training and this course should really be outside of his area of expertise He generally does a solid ob of it but the course is missing some of the original commentary in his other courses This was an excellent overview of a really important topic that hasn t been discussed nearly enough The focus of the course is certainly on political and military events though there are a number of lectures in the middle devoted to the arts letters and social history of the High Ottoman Empire Some of the earlier lectures were a bit dry but necessary to provide the background for how the Ottoman Empire came to exist This course completely Changed My Perspective On my perspective on Ottoman Empire and especially its so called decline I especially liked the lectures on the Late Empire with the attempt and failure to adjust to the modern world and Harl s explanation of why this was the case The lecture on the Armenian Genocide was uite illuminating45 stars well this guy really loves talkingIt is a passionate retelling of the history of the Ottoman empire from the time when first Turkic tribes arrive to the Middle East till Mustafa Kemal abolishes the empire It does not go into a great detail it is sort of repetitive WE ALL HAVE SOME IDE FIX all have some ide fix some parasitic words don t we but it is a very good introduction into the history of that time and placeMr Harl is a wonderful passionate lecturer However I don t think I learned anything particularly new or surprising unlike the course on The Barbarian Empires of the Steppes It was a sort of uick summary of facts about the long history of the Ottoman empire a lot of boasting by Mr Harl OK perhaps it is ust the self presentation strategy commonly used by the Americans but I find it annoying anywayAlso I think that at times Mr Harl s voice was hoarse Perhaps pauses during the recording would have been in order Aside from Dr Harl s rapid delivery and immense cast of characters I found this course to be a fascinating look at a transitional time in history as well as a transitional place in the worldthe crossroads between Europe and Asia Turkey is often discounted as a not uite first world country yet it boasts of one of the most successful dominions lasting nearly seven centuriesin some ways extending even into modern timesThese lectures complement Harl s early sets including Byzantium and Barbarians of The Steppes also The Vikings and help to mesh with lectures series dealing with Western European history After listening to these lectures I have come to understand WHY the Ottoman Empire was considered the poor man of Europe but understand fully that in many ways its rich legacy has contributed greatly to the western civilization we enjoy todayRecommended especially when Suleiman The Magnificent and Mehmet the Conueror agree on a sale and coupon I had studied Ottoman history years ago at university and purchased this course in order to brush up on the topic Well this lengthy course did serve that purpose because it s uite comprehensive Regretfully however I cannot say that I found anything new or original here I think the professor is trying to operate outside his core competence In fact the course seems in long sections to resemble a Sparks Notes on the multi volume Cambridge History of Turkey and indeed fully one fourth of the sources listed in the bibliography are chapters from that work Most annoying to me though was the lecturer s mangling. Ty the achievements of the Sultan's court and stories of confrontation and cooperation with the West Befitting a story of such epic scope and grandeur every lecture is a treasure trove of historical insights into the people events themes and locales responsible for shaping the story of this often overlooked empire You'll cover everything from Rumi the whirling dervishes and the importance of the sultan's grand viziers to the wars of Sultan Suleiman. ,

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The Ottoman EmpireOf Turkish words and names He leads one on to believe he speaks andor reads Turkish but his knowledge of that language is clearly rudimentary at best For anyone who knows basic Turkish the lecturer s pronunciation of Turkish works is painful and cringe producing throughout the course And this is strange because as he mentions in passing several times his wife is Turkish Why didn t he ask her to help him Frankly he seems to be unaware of his mispronunciations of Turkish and other non English words To my mind this fault is rather discrediting Also distracting to the viewer are the lecturer s mannerisms the constantly bouncing left hand the clenching right hand the constant ahs and ums the heavy shuffling when the camera point of view changes I would urge people to buy the audio only version of this course rather than the dvd version except for the fact that the animated maps are extremely informative Overall though I must say that the lecturer s heart is in the right place he is commendably sympathetic to the Turkish point of view Yet as a good historian he is even handed on controversial topics such as the Armenian genocide excesses committed in defense of the Empire So I think Great Courses should give him a do over As it stands I don t think this course will be well received Finally I must comment on the Course Guidebook Clearly it was never edited or proofread before being printed or only in a haphazard and hasty manner It reads like the professor s reading notes from the Cambridge History of Turkey and some of the sentences descent into nonsense statements Moreover a glossary of persons and terms should have been provided I have always thought that if you claim to be an expert in the history geography literature etc of any country you have to know the language of that country pretty pretty well This apparently is not the case with Kenneth W Harl whose wife is even Turkish and it was a huge bug during the entire Audible course of the book His grave mispronounciation of Turkish words names of people or places and phrases was not only incredibly annoying but also created huge misunderstandings and frankly to some odd situations As this was not enough he even tried with Arabic words and names which led to even absurd partsThis is why the pdf was my best friend Due to the mispronounciations due to some mistakes during the audio book and due to the freuent uuhh s and aahh s of the lecturer the audio book was not a pleasant experience at all The pdf albeit in brief and summarised version presented the necessary information a bit understandablyOtherwise the information during the entire course is interesting especially because it is uick and concise That being said it misses large chunks of Ottoman history important details of many characters or places or events overlooks lots of facts Instead Harl focuses on what is apparently important to him and he does not even hide it for instance on Kanun Sultan S leyman or on Enver Pa a or and here I am actually happy about it on Mustafa Kemal Atat rk The last one was the best conclusion possible although spending one uarter of the book on Ottoman Empire talking about Mustafa Kemal is not the greatest choice but let it beThe part I liked the most was the structured and rather objective not the greatest choice but let it beThe part I liked the most was the structured and rather objective on the situation with the Ottoman Armenians between 1914 and 1923 He did not directly call it a genocide but he did not deny it being a genocide either And he presented the facts as they were from both sides with both their it being a genocide either And he presented the facts as they were from both sides with both their and innocence although tried to be as brief as possibleHarl also spent some time surprisingly to me on the Balkan nations too Greece of course Romania Serbia Bulgaria Macedonia not North then Which led to a fairly good factology and description of the Balkan Wars and everyone involved in themIn conclusion it is an acceptable studybook for those who are interested in learning a bit about a small part of the major events in the Ottoman Empire from its creation to its dissolution What it lacks is depth amongst all the things I have already mentioned But if you are BWWM (Interracial Romance BWWM African American Multicultural Romance) *2 (Interracial Romance BWWM African American Multicultural Romance) *2: Billionaires Secret Baby (BWWM Secret Baby Romance Contemporary Romance) just starting to learn about one of the greatest empires that had ever existed it is a good course If youust want to brush up on your knowledge #It Could Help You #could help you some facts And that s it Very useful overview for someone trying to get the basic narrative of the empire under their belt I also appreciated Harl s commentary on the likely strategic motivations behind various twists and turns in the epic of the empire I see from other reviews that much of Harl s narrative is based on the research of others and that Harl himself may not be a notable authority on the empire Nonetheless he does an admirable BWWM (An African American Romance) (BWWM Paranormal Scifi Romance) job of developing key moments in the empire s history relating them to other developments around the world and challenging many myths I found the discussion of the 19th century especially interesting including the encounter with the Napoleanic conuests the ensuing efforts at reform to catch up to rapidly developing European competitors and then the turmoil that this brought about That part in particular is a great overview of a crucial period of political economic and social transformation certainly of interest to any student of comparative politics A good survey course on the history of the Ottoman empire It covers 700 years of history from the pre ottoman Turkic states all the way to the collapse of the empire and the foundation of the modern republic of Turkey With such a large scope the course does not have time to cover each topic in great depth but what is presented gives you a good introduction to the history If you already have a good background in Ottoman history then this course might not cover anything new but I think that is to be expected from a survey course by the Great Course. I the shadowy politics of the Committee of Union and Progress and the birth of the Turkish Republic under Kemal Atatürk Welcome to a fascinating story of the triumph and tragedy war and peace intellectual progress and civil insurrection of a great empire that for all its glory and grandeur has left an important legacy that will shape the future of the Balkan nation states the Turkish Republic and the Arab world and those of us in the West as well.