(Josephine) PDF/EBOOK · Kate Williams

The Time of the Hunters Moon eEd for France where she would meet and soon marry Alexandre As with many aristocratic unions it was good on paper but the marriage saw Marie abused and troubled The two children she bore Alexandre Eug ne and Hortense proved to be the happiest part of her union which was further troubled as the Revolution gained momentum and the de Beauharnais name became part of the old aristocracy that the people sought to abolish Williamsxplores how Marie was able to see the classes crumble around her while the people sought to remove the aristocratic hierarchy and bring those accountable to bear for their crimes Alexandre was taken into custody by the Committee of Public Safety during the infamous Reign of Terror Marie was subseuently jailed as well finding herself isolated from her children and left to fend for herself Alexandre s Vegas Vacation (Destination: Desire, execution left Marie without a husband and forced to raise two children alone Williams assures the reader that Marie did not pine too long She was known for her romantic and sexual dalliances with men of power having had affairs with those who found themselves on the right side of the revolutionary forces These affairs helped portray Marie as a woman willing to do what it took to rise above the fray which she did leaving her than ready when shencountered the young Napol on Bonaparte six years her junior Already a man of much military prowess before meeting Josephine who changed her name to something regal than Marie by this time Napol on Bonaparte was said to be her one true love As Williams xplores this couple their pairing seemed anything but smooth or filled with romance The narrative xplores the vignette of Napol on refusing a formal and religious ceremony turning instead to a civil union that might not ven have been legal Napol on reminded his wife repeatedly of how he could dissolve their union as simply as it came together a telltale sign that this was a power move than anything lse Both Josephine and Napol on had countless affairs and turned to specific lovers for periods of time as if to compete with one another for the honour Additionally Josephine s two children were at an age when they could consciously judge their step father who was brutal and focussed on his territorial acuisitions rather than fostering a cohesive unit With the French Revolution complete and a power vacuum present Napol on sought to fill it and lead the country into the 19th century He took the French military to the far reaches of Europe to create an Stepdog empire all his own and drummed up support to do so Josephine stayed behind and showed her support by turning to lovers one of whom almost cost Josephine her marriage Still as Napol on gained in power Joisephine basked in it and gladly became Empress of France when the chance arose Thinking back to her youth and the premonitions of a fortune teller on Martiniue Josephine prepared for the luxuries bestowed upon her This fame and relative fortune did not uell the ongoing love triangle orven trapezoid with Napol on as Williams recounts the continual strain of Josephine not bearing her husband a child Napol on was determined to have an heir and sought his step daughter Hortense to agree to a union for France What muddied the waters Another Way Home even was Hortense s marriage to Louis Bonaparte brother to Napol on As Emperor and Empress continued to live inver distancing spheres an heir was not forthcoming rumours abounded as to the father of Hortense s son and Napol on continued to see the affections of others Finally in 1810 the Bonapartes divorced and Napol on turned to a member of the Austrian Royal Family Josephine remained an anchor for the Emperor who wrote to her and kept her safely supported with money and lodging When she ntered the waning weeks of life medical doctors diagnosed it as pneumonia but others wondered if Josephine might have succumbed to the angst and pain of losing her husband forever Her death touched many and while Napol on was ventually banished from France he continued to hold her close to his heart A woman whose power came from her husband than her own doing Josephine s lasting impression might offer historians an out to promote her to a position of ongoing importanceI chose Josephine Bonaparte not only because it was a buddy read but also because I wanted to learn a great deal about this woman whose past remained a mystery Kate Williams does a wonderful job in laying the groundwork for this most interesting woman from a childhood in the far off islands and capturing a perspective during the French Revolution Williams attention to detail was great and her development of Josephine s character was superb though towards the latter half of the book things became too diluted I found the narrative straying into a history of Napol on and his conuests rather than life through the yes of his wife While I agree that there are times that women become secondary to their husbands in history s documentation and it is for this reason that it takes a special woman to shake off said shackles and rise above it seemed as though Williams wanted to regale the reader with aspects that did not directly involve Josephine Additionally ven in the pilogue Williams refers to the Napol on Josephine relationship as one of the great loves in history I found it to be stilted and in line with two "WHO CONTINUALLY TOSS THEMSELVES AT ONE ANOTHER COMMIT SOME toss themselves at another commit some faux pas and then dash in the other direction until the next cycle commences It is true that Josephine s ancestry proved to be rich in European leaders though her own power seemed to have been muted Williams chose well to offer up a strong narrative though I might have been wrong to call her a powerful woman in history in the sense of control and independent victory Kudos Madam Williams for an nthralling piece about a woman whose life might have been defined by her choice of spouses I learned much and am happy to come away with a deeper knowledge of the woman the Antarctica era and all there is to know about the Bonaparte dynasty Likehate the review Anver growing collection of others appears at HAPPY BASTILLE DAY FRENCHIES She chose the symbol of the swan graceful on the surface but scrabbling hard underwaterthis is pretty much just a straight up biography of josephine bonaparte i don t read a lot of biographies but sometimes i have to read things outside of my comfort zone and this is what happens it s not at all bad but i never thought i would be reading one on josephine and the things i knew about her life before i read this are as followsshe was frenchshe was married to napoleonthey had a tempestuous relationship with bunches of sexturns out she was actually from martiniue and was not the gorgeous and glamorous sexpot they usually depict her as being in fact she was a little odd looking but she could ventually afford wonderful artists to depict her charitably and she knew very well the fine female art of sartorial camouflage buying 900 gowns a year during the height of her wealth and power but she came from much humble beginnings growing up on a sugar plantation that was destroyed by a hurricane compromising her family s wealth and her prospects she got pushed into a loveless arranged marriage to alexandre de beauharnais at sixteen after her 12 year old sister and first choice died and then BOOM reign of terror hits her husband s head is cut off and she s imprisoned she s released and here s where it gets interesting apparently there was a great romantic allure to those who had been imprisoned the french rightthis is where i discovered the baron de frenilly who is the kind of guy i would want to hang out with all glib and offhand observations It was the height of good manners to be ruined to have been suspected persecuted and above all imprisonedand People greatly regretted that they had not been guillotinedand It is impossible to die of hunger with gaietywere i the kind of person who could be bothered reading books on the computer i would read his memoirs but alas i am notso josephine finds herself in demand with all the glamor her imprisonment has bestowed and suddenly she s having all these wild parties let s call them legant orgies where she meets napoleon and he becomes sexually obsessed with her and ventually they get marriedit s not a romance of the ages they both take lovers her first affair occurs during the first year of their marriage they re both rratic and ambitious but they keep circling ach other and winding up in the bedroom despite napoleon s family s disgust and the fact that although she managed two children with her beheaded husband before he was beheaded josephine never gives napoleon the son he needsand then this Marie was the first of Napoleon s mistresses whom he was sure had been ntirely faithful to him Unlike Eleonore Denuelle she truly loved him there had been no gentlemen callers in his absences Napoleon was now certain that he could father a child Marie s pregnancy secured his lasting affection for her and meant the nd of her three year period as his mistressNaturally I would prefer to have my mistress crowned but I must be allied with sovereigns He left Vienna resolved to divorce his wife and find a royal to marryhooray now that he knows his juice is potent it s away with the wife and the first women who has ver been faithful to him because HEIR see ya suckers napoleon is such a dick but so is she and this isn t the story of a woman wronged this is the story of what happened when two kind of shitty and ambitious people met had great sex clung to ach other in some prototypical new adult romance relationship grew to unprecedented power together and one time almost got blown upi love how devoted she was to her beloved chateau de malmaison and her roses and that she had animals running verywhere like an orangutan and swans and i kind of didn t love that napoleon would shoot them when he was in a moodif you re interested in josephine at all this seems to be a pretty comprehensive biography although i am certainly no authority on what makes a good biographycome to my blog. Ame the greatest man in Europe the Supreme Emperor; and she amassed a jewellery box with diamonds than Marie Antoinette's But as his fame grew Napoleon became increasingly obsessed with his need for an heir and irritated with Josephine's xtravagant spending The woman who had nchanted France became desperate and jealous Until a divorcee aged forty seven she was forced to watch from the sidelines as Napoleon and his young bride produced a chi. ,

REVIEW Josephine

I can t remember The Rise and Fall of the New Deal Order, 1930-1980 ever approaching a historical biography knowing less about the subject In fact what I knew about Josephine could fit comfortably on the back of a postcard and would include the immortal lines Not tonight Josephine This meant Josephine the new book from Kate Williams historian and award winning author of England s Mistress a biography of Emma Hamilton was a revelation withvery pageArriving in pre revolutionary France from Martiniue the young Josephine was almost illiterate and her front teeth were black from her father s sugar cane plantation This book tells the amazing story of how she prospered to became an Empress and one of the most powerful and influential women in EuropeKate Williams take us through an often harrowing yet very readable account of the French revolution and its aftermath It seems something of a miracle that Josephine survived the revolution at all to meet the anti hero of the book Napoleon Bonaparte Inevitable her story then becomes his Through painstaking study of the many preserved letters between them Kate tells a very personal and compelling story of how they fell in love and conuered Europe togetherTheir later life was marked by astounding Confession extravagance While Napoleon s soldiers were starving on the Russian Front forced toat rats and ach other apparently Josephine was being forced by Napoleon to never wear the same dress twice In one year she bought nine hundred dresses five times as many as the unfortunate ueen Marie AntoinetteI was fascinated by Josephine s home at Malmaison now a Museum where she had at one time twenty ladies in waiting and over a hundred servants Among the many surprising facts Kate uncovers is that Josephine was a talented botanist introducing many xotic species now well known for the first time to Europe She also collected rare animals including an Orangutang which she dressed in clothes for the delight of her many visitorsThe picture of Josephine which merges is of an incredibly resourceful woman capable of whatever she set her mind to There is no uestion Napoleon would not have achieved so much without her skill at charming those he so casually upset I am also convinced that he would have returned to her after his xile on ElbaA real page turner Josephine is Curators of the Buddha everything I hoped it would be and has renewed my interest in this fascinating period of history Highly recommended PS I checked The Oxford Dictionary of uotations attributes the phrase Not tonight Josephine originates from a popular song from 1911 composed by Seymour Furth and sung by Ada Jones and Billy Murray This was the first timever that I listened to an audiobook It came handy in my pre Christmas cooking frenzy I like the novelty of an audiobookI can listen to it while cooking or ironingThis book about Josephine Bonaparte was fascinating Somehow I never knew much about Bonaparte or her For a Philistine like me fiction always works better for my history Another Way Home: The Tangled Roots of Race in One Chicago Family educationI was surprised by a lot of things About Bonaparte how he almost became a novelist his intelligence his insecurities and total pragmatic and amoral valuesHe is not a likeable man but this book somehow transformed him in myyes from a pompous little man to somebody who really was uite an interesting character Flawed pompous arrogant self centred but also brilliant in many ways It was fun to observe Josephine s transformation from plump na ve colonial to a sophisticated and sexually alluring and Cezanne a Study of His Development experienced Parisian The interesting learning curve and how it happened And see how badly women were treated and how they coped with wit and manipulation And the open monetary rewards for sexual favours The book talks about sex and it is all written in a slightly sarcastic clever way Josephine is an interesting character tooThe horrors of the revolution did not surprise me too much What surprised me was how loose the morals were in the Thermidorra after Robespierre death Parties with orgies women stripping in public completely and all those lovers It was interesting and reminded me of Catherine MilletI found the fact that on paper women had no power but in real life they often did fascinatingThe book touched on women s rights To my surprise Napoleon made changes in the laws that turned women into helpless almost minors their fathers or husbands completely in charge of their fateA man could divorce a wife for infidelity A wife could only divorce her husband on grounds of infidelity if he brought his lover to live in the same household as his wife Of course there are still a lot of double standards just read my book but I am definitely glad I was borne in the 20th century There were many other things that surprised me The fact that Josephine Bonaparte was spending money on luxuries in a way that makes her predecessor Marie Antoinette look almost modest Her attitude to animals and plants AT her palace at Malmaison she had the first zebra in Europe and a female orangutan that slept in a bed and ate with knife and fork Her interest in horticulture importing plants Her kindness to others disgraced aristocrats poor people She was a reckless spendthrift but also a generous donor And despite her freuent infidelities a true love for NapoleonIt was fun cooking and being transported into France in the 18th and arly 19th century while still using all those modern my "Kitchen Though It Was "Though it was I glad I picked up used Williams seems to be churning out popular biographies by the cartload which might xplain a sort of blithe disregard for truth There were plenty of solid statistics but those can be got from any of a number of secondary sources some of which appear on the bibliography for this I d hoped to find about Josephine s remarkable ability to take Emma Hamilton s revolutionary change in women s fashion and social intercourse and make it not only Democratic Art: The New Deal's Influence on American Culture elegant but the leading look for all Europe but it wasn t about thatIn the acknowledgements Williams talks about the many hours she spent reading letters and memoirs Admirable indeed but there is no hint in this work howxtremely unreliable a lot of these memoirs are some of them like Madame Remusat s published Obsession: An Erotic Tale eighty years after the fact by a grandson aware of his family s position Laure Junot sngaging memoir reads like a novel as it should much of the truth having been so highly polished it s scarcely recognizable and Confederate Cities: The Urban South during the Civil War Era even so Bourienne s notven remotely objective memoir as well as some others ntire conversations assiduously presented as if they had really happenedAlso there are many insights into Bonaparte s thinking as well as Josephine s that haven t the vestige of support The view of Talleyrand here is little short of ludicrous for instance her blithe claim that Josephine had a hold over him 132 or that Josephine in fact had any influence whatsoever with Talleyrand s actions The motivations attributed to him were so off I was sure I was reading a novel set in an alternate universeBut the descriptions of the history of Malmaison were detailed and absorbing as well as the glimpses of Paris at the nd of the Terror and at the start of the Directoire demonstrating how someone like Napoleon could take control in the first place All in all a pleasant read little new I received this book for free from Goodreads First Reads in Edicts of Asoka exchange for my review I am going to be nit picky with this review I will start with the positive It was anasy read that Upgrade Soul entertained In particular Injoyed the chapter on Malmaison which was full of vivid descriptions I have added Malmaison to my wish list of places to visit the next time I am in Paris But To be honest I Ecstasies: Deciphering the Witches' Sabbath expected a balanced account from a writer with a background like Kate Williams This book purported to be a bio reads like a tell allxpose The author s bias is blatantly obvious and she chooses to present the nefarious the scandalous the underbelly of Josephine s relationship with Napoleon Previous readers have commented on the well researched use of footnotes and a bibliography but I would suggest that neither of these tools Elizabeth I: Translations, 1544-1589 ensure that the story told within is accurate or without bias I am not a Josephinexpert Far from it But I have an interest in French history and have done a bit of reading on that subject Obviously Josephine and Napoleon play an integral role in that history Williams version of their roles and actions focuses predominantly on the negative A cursory glance through her bibliography shows a reliance on memoirs and letters with limited use of academically respected resourcesThat issue aside Williams does not tell her account in a chronological fashion which isn t a problem in and of itself It s just that there aren t Dolphin Confidential: Confessions of a Field Biologist enough dates in the text toxplain what is happening when She uses dated references such as two weeks later without a previous date reference so the reader doesn t know two weeks later than what She often places dates like On August 5th without giving a year which I find careless and so asy to fix Then there are times when the author refers to certain vents that actually happened chronologically prior to vents that are xplained in previous pages But the absence of dated references means that most readers won t be aware of this and it may result in a different interpretation of the significance of the Imaginary Runner event Mostly I was put off by the gossipy tone and assumed motives that Williams assigns to Josephine Napoleon and others without any documentation whatsoever Williams makes Josephine look conniving and selfish and Napoleon is portrayed as boorish andasily tricked Throughout the book there are statements like Josephine was outraged Hortense was shocked Napoleon was duped Statements such as these pepper From Cottage to Bungalow: Houses and the Working Class in Metropolitan Chicago, 1869-1929 each page and are rarely backed up by any documented proof Maybe Napoleon was dupedbut I am not taking Kate Williams word for it I LOVED thisThis was well researched thoroughngaging and covered many other key characters of this periodMostly what I love about this is well a sex worker becomes EmpressHoes be winningAnother fun fact it s a nunnery in which she perfected both the skills and char. Librarian note alternate cover Fresh Water edition rerelease of 9780091936914This is the incredible rise and unbelievable fall of a woman whosenergy and ambition is often overshadowed by Napoleon's military might In this triumphant biography Kate Williams tells Josephine's searing story of sexual obsession politics and surviving as a woman in a man's worldAbandoned in Paris by her aristocratic husband Josephine's future did not look promising But while. Ms with which she will use as a Courtesan fancy sex work is still sex work both before and during The Revolution Napoleon loves her deeply but also appreciates her political contacts and social skill She most definitely helped him smooth his way politically which was a vital part of him gaining popularity and stealing powerShe spent soooooooo much moneyConsiderably than Marie Antoinette ironically She perhaps had a shopping addictionShe was incredibly close to her kids which wasn t as common in that ra amongst that social class where physical and motional care was provided by staffShe was From Notes to Narrative: Writing Ethnographies That Everyone Can Read extremely reluctant to wed Napoleon and only agreed because her preferred lover wouldn t divorce his wifeNapoleon was hours late to their wedding and it wasn t at all legalnotven civillyJosephine cheats immediatelyLol I just appreciate herI don t like how she treated her daughter nor her complete disregard of chattel slaveryShe was Empress though largely powerless she also didn t careWhat a character thoughHer and Napoleon s theatrics sound award worthy lol Well documented with footnotes and a bibliography Ambition and Desire The Dangerous Life of Josephine Bonaparte still manages to be accessible and highly From the Enemy's Point of View: Humanity and Divinity in an Amazonian Society engaging Any biography of Josephine will necessarily include Napoleon and theirs is anye popping story of poverty passion politics Doris Salcedo ego ostentation and power A naive immigrant from the Caribbean when she landed in France Josephine became in turn a spurned wife a notorious high society vamp a hero of the French Revolution the bride of a little known Corsican military man and a shopaholicmpress who nevertheless acted as a humanizing force on her increasingly self obsessed husband Though he came to power in the wake of the Revolution Napoleon s thirst for pomp acclaim territory and wealth drove him to out Bourbon Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette This is a fascinating instructive history with all the natural appeal of gossip I Twelve Days of Pleasure enjoyed learning about Josephine Napoleon as well as the history of France during that period Before reading this I really didn t know much about Josephine at all other than the fact that she was born in Martiniue not that far from where we live Our local museum claims to have her bathtub but I have my doubts as to whether that tub was really hers Josephine was a survivor Her first marriage was simply dreadful Her marriage to Napoleon was doomed mostspecially when she was unable to bear his child Mind you I would think that any marriage to Gods Choice either of them would likely be doomed Oftentimes this book got far detailed than I would have liked I can t say that I loved it or would recommend it I mostnjoyed reading the parts about her love for Chateau de Malmaison Bonaparte and Josephine by Lionel PerauxShe loved botany and collecting rare animals One of my favorite descriptions Her most cherished animal was a female orangutan possessed of a remarkably sweet nature The little lady strolled about the house fully dressed and when anyone approached her she pulled her coat over her legs and would assume a modest decent air to welcome the visitor She always ate at the table using a knife and fork and was particularly fond of nibbling on turnips After dinner she loved to cover her head with a napkin and then pull funny faces When she fell ill and was put to bed she lay with the cover drawn up to her chin and her arms outside it completely hidden by the sleeves of the dressing gown If anyone she knew came into the room she greeted him with an appealing look shaking her head gently and pressing his hand affectionately I thought this book was fascinating Before reading it I knew little about Josephine Napoleon s first wife and now she seems as real as a fierce spunky auntThis book covers Josephine s childhood her first marriage to Alexandre de Beauharnais her imprisonment during the French Revolution her tumultuous relationship and marriage with Napoleon her Gustave Caillebotte: The Painter's Eye experience as Empress of France her obsession with creating a beautiful garden at Ch teau de Malmaison and her life after the Little Corporal left her Josephine lived an incredible life rising from a humble childhood in Martiniue to great power and glory Shexperienced the highs and lows of rule and the pains of xile Her tastes set the trends for art fashion gardening and decoration and her manner as a consort became seen as the ideal Most of all Napoleon and Josephine s romance is celebrated as one for the ages a coup de foudre both mysterious and passioante Although they were married only fourteen years they shaped ach other s legacies and theirs is one of the great love stories of history Napoleon needed Josephine to spin him from general to politican to smooth his way to charm his opposition She threw in her lot with him gambling that he would lift himself beyond mere military glory She won her bet and yet it came at a price Marriage to him was xhausting and she had to pretend she was someone she was not for much of her life Kate Williams did an xcellent job weaving together the stories uotes and historical details from the late 1700s and Great Plains: America's Lingering Wild early 1800s Her narrative is well written andngaging I freuently paused while reading to share stories of Josephine and Napoleon with friends that s how conversational this book is I would recommend it to fans of history and those interested in of powerful womenFavorite uotesBut underneath all the it to fans of history and those interested in biographies of powerful womenFavorite underneath all the conversation the cheering and the caps of liberty the truth was that France was bankrupt Unrest continued to surge the crowds were prowling and angry unwilling to wait much longer for the bread they had been promisedon the French Revolution The city had become a terrible ghoulish place as ravaged and sick as if it had been hit by the Black Death People denounced mployees neighbors friends and lovers and were constantly afraid of being accused of treason plotting "or antirepublican feeling almost the ntire company of "antirepublican feeling Almost the Electromyography for Experimentalists entire company of Com die Fran aise was imprisoned for suspicious behavior Mothers were dragged to the guillotine from childbed while men and women were soager to save their skins that they cheered the deaths of their loved onesNapoleon was a tough assertive aggressive child intelligent and with a temper that always threatened to boil over at any provocation At the age of seven he was sent to a Jesuit school where he learned to read write and add as well as a little Latin and ancient history He spent his time there destroying his surroundings pulling out the stuffing from chairs scratching tables and tearing leaves off plantsWhen General Bonaparte fell in love with Mme de Beauharnais it was love in all the power and strength of the term said his friend Auguste de Marmont It was apparently his first passion and he felt it with all the vigor of his nature Josephine had become a woman who did not have the luxury of believing in love To her romance and sex were a path to status and security the bargains that a woman had to make to survive Over the years she had learned charm and sophistication while forgoing her Forgetful of Their Sex: Female Sanctity and Society, ca. 500-1100 excitement her joy in the new and her desire to lose herself to another She had not been looking to fall in love but for a man to support her and her children Napoleon interested her and she loved him in her way but she no longer believed that passion could change her lifeNapoleon loved people to be in debt since it was a way of keeping them in a state of dependence but Josephine went too far She was addicted to shopping Having lost so much in the Terror she was always afraid of being deprived again She was also looking for control and security and a way to forge an identity separate from Napoleon s demands She simply could not stop buying things she did not needMy garden is the most beautiful thing in the world Josephine said in 1813 Malmaison was a fiefdom of rare andxotic plants many grown for the first time in Europe some of which are now common in our gardens including cactuses rhododendrons tulips dahlias and double jacinths There are so many rare plants from all parts of the world that one might believe oneself to be in the tropics pronounced Comtesse Potocka I am not like other men and the ordinary laws of morality and rules of propriety do not apply to me Napoleon vaunted Like tyrants throughout history he imposed morality on the people while using his own position to pursue his sexual desires It cannot be said nough strong women come in all shapes and forms Kate Williams proves this in her thorough biography of Josephine Bonaparte who is the latest in my list of subjects as I continue my journey over this two month period Married to the infamous French general and Emperor Josephine s life proved to be packed full of interesting stories offset with much angst and derision Williams brings much of this to life in this piece that touches on a number of historic vents which provides a firm backdrop for the reader to better understand this life Williams keeps the reader Runaway Wedding engaged and offersnough tidbits that the narrative flows with Wicked Loving Lies ease until the climax of Bonaparte s life letting the story tell itself at key moments Curious readers will surely find something herein to keep themngaged if only to shake their heads at Josephine s choicesBorn Marie Jos phe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie on the island of Martiniue she found herself a member of a rich and highly prosperous white Creole family The price and plentifulness of sugarcane in the region helped levate their wealth which was ventually dashed by numerous strong and destructive hurricanes Marie found herself growing up with all the luxuries that life could provide on this small island though the ability to forge a lasting aristocracy amongst such a small population soon left the family to look lsewhere An aunt had arranged the marriage of Marie s sister Catherine to the son of the Vicomte de Beauharnais which would take the young girl to France and place her in a position of some steem However Catherine s death at the age of twelve left a vacancy and Marie saw her chance to leave the island and nter French aristocracy Marie sail. Her friends and contemporaries were sent to the guillotine during the Terror that followed the Revolution she survived prison and merged as the doyenne of a wildly debauched party scene surprising verybody when she ncouraged the advances of a short marginalised Corsican soldier six years her juniorJosephine the fabulous hostess and skilled diplomat was the perfect consort to the ambitious but obnoxious Napoleon With her by his side he bec. ,
Stones (Garnet and Raphaella, Whiteout